- Year: 2012
- ISBN: 978-99912-914-3-7
- Format: 17 x 24 cm
- Pages: 86
- Binding: paperback
- Price ex. VAT BWP: 110.00
- Notice: Price subject to change.
Philosophy seeks an insight into and an overview of the created cosmos. The philosopher wants to achieve a total vision of reality and must find a place from where he can survey the cosmic reality. Archimedes, the ancient Greek philosopher and mathematician, stated: “Give me a place to stand, and I shall move the earth with a lever.” Thomas Aquinas finds his Archimedes in reason.
The impact of Thomas Aquinas's philosophy was his views of the state and the church. He ascribed this line of thought to metaphysical premises. Thomas Aquinas's metaphysics derived from Greco-Aristotelian philosophy where the notion of form and matter established the basis for older “nature” religion. This form-matter principle eventually paved the way for ThomasAquinas' religious “ground” motive of nature and grace, which requires an overarching supernatural character. Further, supernatural grace flows to man only by means of the Roman Catholicinstitution. The call of the church is to introduce to its subjects the life rules prescribed by Christ.
To Thomas Aquinas, form and matter and nature and grace are the higher and lower components of the same thing, and the relationship between soul and body is also of a higher and lower nature. The spiritual or eternal aspect of the soul is more valuable than the physical or the Temporal aspect. The body represents the lower component in man, while the soul is embodied in the higher component, the church. As the soul cannot function without the body, neither can the church exist without the state.